Children of color have worse clinical outcomes, and it might be because of the way health-care providers treat them — even if it is unintentional.

The scientific literature is full of studies showing that disparities in outcomes correlate to a patient’s race.

For example, a study published in JAMA Pediatrics in 2018 showed that black school-age youth were more likely to die by suicide than white youth, though that’s reversed for teens. Among children with moderate to severe congenital heart disease, black children were less likely to continue follow-up care with a specialist, according to a 2018 study in Congenital Heart Disease. And disparities in outcomes for children with developmental conditions, such as Down syndrome, are documented. […]