In the early 20th century, American women won the right to vote. Soon, women’s participation in the workforce, education, and political life all increased dramatically.

This gender revolution took place not just in the U.S. but in many countries throughout the world.

But beginning in 1980, the changes in opportunities, status, and attitudes that were closing the gap between men and women began to slow. Since the mid-1990s, there’s been little change.

Gender equality at home among heterosexual couples has progressed even more slowly than in public life. The family theorist Frances Goldscheider has argued that the goal of moving women into what has traditionally been men’s territory in the paid labor force is just the “first half” of what she calls the gender revolution.

Without progress on the “second half” of that revolution—men picking up an equal share of work at home—other efforts, such as equal pay, won’t be enough to make the work that women and men do equitable. […]